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Intelligence and How to Get It: Why Schools and Cultures Count

Intelligence and How to Get It: Why Schools and Cultures Count
Author: Richard E. Nisbett
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393071413
Pages: 320
Year: 2010-02-08
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“[Nisbett] weighs in forcefully and articulately . . . [using] a thoroughly appealing style to engage . . . throughout.”—Publishers Weekly Who are smarter, Asians or Westerners? Are there genetic explanations for group differences in test scores? From the damning research of The Bell Curve to the more recent controversy surrounding geneticist James Watson’s statements, one factor has been consistently left out of the equation: culture. In the tradition of Stephen Jay Gould’s The Mismeasure of Man, world-class social psychologist Richard E. Nisbett takes on the idea of intelligence as biologically determined and impervious to culture with vast implications for the role of education as it relates to social and economic development. Intelligence and How to Get It asserts that intellect is not primarily genetic but is principally determined by societal influences.

Intelligence and How to Get It: Why Schools and Cultures Count

Intelligence and How to Get It: Why Schools and Cultures Count
Author: Richard E. Nisbett
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393337693
Pages: 320
Year: 2010-02-08
View: 1035
Read: 683

“[Nisbett] weighs in forcefully and articulately . . . [using] a thoroughly appealing style to engage . . . throughout.”—Publishers Weekly Who are smarter, Asians or Westerners? Are there genetic explanations for group differences in test scores? From the damning research of The Bell Curve to the more recent controversy surrounding geneticist James Watson’s statements, one factor has been consistently left out of the equation: culture. In the tradition of Stephen Jay Gould’s The Mismeasure of Man, world-class social psychologist Richard E. Nisbett takes on the idea of intelligence as biologically determined and impervious to culture with vast implications for the role of education as it relates to social and economic development. Intelligence and How to Get It asserts that intellect is not primarily genetic but is principally determined by societal influences.

Intelligence and how to Get it

Intelligence and how to Get it
Author: Richard E. Nisbett
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393065057
Pages: 304
Year: 2009
View: 351
Read: 365

Nisbett debunks the myth of genetic inheritance of intelligence and persuasively demonstrates how intelligence can be enhanced: the anti-Bell Curve book.--From publisher description.

Teaching for Wisdom, Intelligence, Creativity, and Success

Teaching for Wisdom, Intelligence, Creativity, and Success
Author: Robert J. Sternberg, Elena Grigorenko, Linda Jarvin
Publisher: Skyhorse Publishing, Inc.
ISBN: 1632209888
Pages: 192
Year: 2015-08-18
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The essential guide for teaching beyond the test! Students with strong higher-order thinking skills are more likely to become successful, lifelong learners. Based on extensive, collaborative research by leading authorities in the field, this book shows how to implement teaching and learning strategies that nurture intelligence, creativity, and wisdom. This practical teaching manual offers an overview of the WICS model—Wisdom, Intelligence, Creativity, Synthesized—which helps teachers foster students' capacities for effective learning and problem solving. Teachers will find examples for language arts, history, mathematics, and science in Grades K–12, as well as: Hands-on strategies for enhancing students' memory, analytical, creative, and practical skills Guidelines on teaching and assessing for successful intelligence Details on how to apply the model in the classroom Teacher reflection sections, suggested readings, and sample planning checklists Teaching for Wisdom, Intelligence, Creativity, and Success is ideal for educators seeking to broaden their teaching repertoire as they expand the skills and abilities of students at all levels.

The Geography of Thought

The Geography of Thought
Author: Richard Nisbett
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 1857884191
Pages: 288
Year: 2011-01-11
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When Richard Nisbett showed an animated underwater scene to his American students, they zeroed in on a big fish swimming among smaller fish. Japanese subjects, on the other hand, made observations about the background environment...and the different "seeings" are a clue to profound underlying cognitive differences between Westerners and East Asians. As Professor Nisbett shows in The Geography of Thought people actually think - and even see - the world differently, because of differing ecologies, social structures, philosophies, and educational systems that date back to ancient Greece and China, and that have survived into the modern world. As a result, East Asian thought is "holistic" - drawn to the perceptual field as a whole, and to relations among objects and events within that field. By comparison to Western modes of reasoning, East Asian thought relies far less on categories, or on formal logic; it is fundamentally dialectic, seeking a "middle way" between opposing thoughts. By contrast, Westerners focus on salient objects or people, use attributes to assign them to categories, and apply rules of formal logic to understand their behaviour.

Mindware

Mindware
Author: Richard E. Nisbett
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
ISBN: 0374710678
Pages: 336
Year: 2015-08-18
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"The most influential thinker, in my life, has been the psychologist Richard Nisbett. He basically gave me my view of the world." -Malcolm Gladwell, New York Times Book Review Scientific and philosophical concepts can change the way we solve problems by helping us to think more effectively about our behavior and our world. Surprisingly, despite their utility, many of these tools remain unknown to most of us. In Mindware, the world-renowned psychologist Richard E. Nisbett presents these ideas in clear and accessible detail. Nisbett has made a distinguished career of studying and teaching such powerful problem-solving concepts as the law of large numbers, statistical regression, cost-benefit analysis, sunk costs and opportunity costs, and causation and correlation, probing the best methods for teaching others how to use them effectively in their daily lives. In this groundbreaking book, Nisbett shows us how to frame common problems in such a way that these scientific and statistical principles can be applied to them. The result is an enlightening and practical guide to the most essential tools of reasoning ever developed-tools that can easily be used to make better professional, business, and personal decisions.

The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence

The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence
Author: Robert J. Sternberg, Scott Barry Kaufman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113949838X
Pages:
Year: 2011-05-30
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This volume provides the most comprehensive and up-to-date compendium of theory and research in the field of human intelligence. Each of the 42 chapters is written by world-renowned experts in their respective fields, and collectively, they cover the full range of topics of contemporary interest in the study of intelligence. The handbook is divided into nine parts: Part I covers intelligence and its measurement; Part II deals with the development of intelligence; Part III discusses intelligence and group differences; Part IV concerns the biology of intelligence; Part V is about intelligence and information processing; Part VI discusses different kinds of intelligence; Part VII covers intelligence and society; Part VIII concerns intelligence in relation to allied constructs; and Part IX is the concluding chapter, which reflects on where the field is currently and where it still needs to go.

Human inference

Human inference
Author: Richard E. Nisbett, Lee Ross
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN:
Pages: 334
Year: 1980
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Individual Differences and Personality

Individual Differences and Personality
Author: Colin Cooper
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1444128280
Pages: 416
Year: 2015-01-30
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Colin Cooper's 'Individual Differences' has been a favourite among lecturers and students of differential psychology since it was published in 1997. It is unique in its comprehensive coverage of both personality theories and the methodological issues associated with personality and psychometric testing. This new edition has been fully revised and expanded to include recent developments in the field. There is also a new chapter on Emotional Intelligence and expanded coverage of the Big 5 model of personality and positive psychology. Cooper also discusses influential new fields such as cognitive epidemiology and a new chapter on practical applications demonstrates how what has been learned can be applied to everyday life from recruitment to predicting whether psychopaths will reoffend. The accompanying website provides comprehensive support for both students and lecturers, including MCQs, sample exam questions, PowerPoint presentations, revision flashcards, interactive glossary, and revision summaries. An informative and enjoyable trip through personality and psychometrics, this book is essential reading for all students wishing to gain a broad understanding of this fascinating field.

Positive Intelligence

Positive Intelligence
Author: Shirzad Chamine
Publisher: Greenleaf Book Group
ISBN: 1608322785
Pages: 227
Year: 2012
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Chamine exposes how your mind is sabotaging you and keeping your from achieving your true potential. He shows you how to take concrete steps to unleash the vast, untapped powers of your mind.

Motivation for Achievement

Motivation for Achievement
Author: M. Kay Alderman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136769803
Pages: 336
Year: 2013-05-13
View: 408
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Understanding student and teacher motivation and developing strategies to foster motivation for students at all levels of performance are essential to effective teaching. This text is designed to help prospective and practicing teachers achieve these goals. Its premise is that current research and theory about motivation offer hope and possibilities for educators —teachers, parents, coaches, and administrators—to enhance motivation for achievement. The orientation draws primarily on social-cognitive perspectives that have generated much research relevant to classroom practice. Ideal for any course that is dedicated to, or includes coverage of, motivation and achievement, the text focuses on two key roles teachers play in supporting and cultivating motivation in the classroom: establishing the classroom structure and instruction that provides the environment for optimal motivation, engagement, and learning; and helping students develop the tools that will enable them to be self-regulated learners and develop their potential. Pedagogical features aid the understanding of concepts and the application to practice: Strategy boxes present guidelines and strategies for using the various concepts. Exhibit boxes include forms for different purposes (for example, goal setting), examples of teacher beliefs and practices, and samples of student work. Reflection boxes stimulate readers’ thinking about motivational issues inherent in the topics, their experiences, and their beliefs. A motivational toolbox at the end of each chapter helps readers identify important points to think about, lingering questions, strategies to use now, and strategies to develop in the future. NEW IN THE THIRD EDITION Updated research and new topics are added throughout as warranted by current inquiry in the field. Chapters are reorganized to provide more coherence and to account for new findings. New and updated material is included on issues of educational reform, standards for achievement, and high-stakes testing, and on achievement goal theory, especially regarding performance goals and the distinction between performance-approach and performance-avoidance goals as relevant to classroom practice.

Where Have All the Liberals Gone?

Where Have All the Liberals Gone?
Author: James Robert Flynn
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 336
Year: 2008-09-15
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A study that argues that Americans have lost touch with the egalitarian ideals on which their nation was founded traces the history of American idealism from Jefferson to the followers of Leo Strauss. By the author of What Is Intelligence. 10,000 first printing.

Cloak and Dollar

Cloak and Dollar
Author: Rhodri Jeffreys-Jones
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300101597
Pages: 357
Year: 2003
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Rhodri Jeffreys-Jones, a leading expert on the history of American espionage, here offers a lively and sweeping history of American secret intelligence from the founding of the nation through the present day. Jeffreys-Jones chronicles the extraordinary expansion of American secret intelligence from the 1790s, when George Washington set aside a discretionary fund for covert operations, to the beginning of the twenty-first century, when United States intelligence expenditure exceeds Russia's total defense budget. How did the American intelligence system evolve into such an enormous and costly bureaucracy? Jeffreys-Jones argues that hyperbolic claims and the impulse toward self-promotion have beset American intelligence organizations almost from the outset. Allan Pinkerton, whose nineteenth-century detective agency was the forerunner of modern intelligence bureaus, invented assassination plots and fomented anti-radical fears in order to demonstrate his own usefulness. Subsequent spymasters likewise invented or exaggerated a succession of menaces ranging from white slavery to Soviet espionage to digital encryption in order to build their intelligence agencies and, later, to defend their ever-expanding budgets. While American intelligence agencies have achieved some notable successes, Jeffreys-Jones argues, the intelligence community as a whole has suffered from a dangerous distortion of mission. By exaggerating threats such as Communist infiltration and Chinese espionage at the expense of other, more intractable problems--such as the narcotics trade and the danger of terrorist attack--intelligence agencies have misdirected resources and undermined their own objectivity. Since the end of the Cold War, the aims of American secret intelligence have been unclear. Recent events have raised serious questions about effectiveness of foreign intelligence, and yet the CIA and other intelligence agencies are poised for even greater expansion under the current administration. Offering a lucid assessment of the origins and evolution of American secret intelligence, Jeffreys-Jones asks us to think also about the future direction of our intelligence agencies.

Tearing Down the Gates

Tearing Down the Gates
Author: Peter Sacks
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520261690
Pages: 376
Year: 2009-09-22
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A compelling critique of the American educational system explains how the growing inequities between rich and poor is exacerbated by offering the advantaged ample opportunites while shutting out the poor, arguing that we need to take a hard look at the implications of equal opportunity in America today.

The Bell Curve

The Bell Curve
Author: Richard J. Herrnstein, Charles Murray
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 143913491X
Pages: 912
Year: 2010-05-11
View: 1026
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The controversial book linking intelligence to class and race in modern society, and what public policy can do to mitigate socioeconomic differences in IQ, birth rate, crime, fertility, welfare, and poverty.

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