Author: Steven Horst
Publisher: MIT Press
An argument that we understand the world through many special-purpose mental models of different content domains, and an exploration of the philosophical implications. Philosophers have traditionally assumed that the basic units of knowledge and understanding are concepts, beliefs, and argumentative inferences. In Cognitive Pluralism, Steven Horst proposes that another sort of unit—a mental model of a content domain—is the fundamental unit of understanding. He argues that understanding comes not in word-sized concepts, sentence-sized beliefs, or argument-sized reasoning but in the form of idealized models and in domain-sized chunks. He argues further that this idea of “cognitive pluralism”—the claim that we understand the world through many such models of a variety of content domains—sheds light on a number of problems in philosophy. Horst first presents the “standard view” of cognitive architecture assumed in mainstream epistemology, semantics, truth theory, and theory of reasoning. He then explains the notion of a mental model as an internal surrogate that mirrors features of its target domain, and puts it in the context of ideas in psychology, philosophy of science, artificial intelligence, and theoretical cognitive science. Finally, he argues that the cognitive pluralist view not only helps to explain puzzling disunities of knowledge but also raises doubts about the feasibility of attempts to “unify” the sciences; presents a model-based account of intuitive judgments; and contends that cognitive pluralism favors a reliabilist epistemology and a “molecularist” semantics. Horst suggests that cognitive pluralism allows us to view rival epistemological and semantic theories not as direct competitors but as complementary accounts, each an idealized model of different dimensions of evaluation.
Author: Amin Maalouf, Dorothy S. Blair
In the 21st Century, a drug that guarantees the birth of boys--originally developed to reduce Third World populations--leads to a worldwide shortage of women. The result is an explosion of male violence, wars, and the sale of women on the black market. The narrator is a French entomologist trying to eradicate the drug.
Author: Nilanjana Sengupta
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The Female Voice of Myanmar seeks to offer a female perspective on the history and political evolution of Myanmar. It delves into the lives and works of four of Myanmar's remarkable women who set aside their lives to answer the call of their country: Khin Myo Chit, who spoke about latent sexual politics in pre-Independent Burma; Ludu Daw Amar, who as the editor of the leftist Ludu Daily, was deemed anti-establishment and was witness to the socialist government's abortive efforts at ethnic reconciliation; Ma Thida, whose writing bears testimony to the impact the authoritative military rule had on the individual psyche; and Aung San Suu Kyi, who has re-articulated Burmese nationalism. This book breaks new ground in exploring their writing, both published and hitherto unexamined, some in English and much in Burmese, while the intimate biographical sketches offer a glimpse into the Burmese home and the shifting feminine image.
Author: Géraldine Enjelvin
Written by an experienced tutor, Savoir-Faire Plus is specifically designed to meet the requirements of today’s generation of language undergraduates. Focusing on the life of an Anglophone first year undergraduate studying French in the UK and sharing a house with four francophone students, this engaging textbook provides: a clear, logical structure a blend of communicative, research-based and traditional exercises a wide range of activities covering the four key linguistic skills as well as intercultural skills authentic texts (with extracts from Le Monde, L’Express, Le Nouvel Observateur and Libération) guidance and practical tips for effective and independent learning. Each of the ten chapters consists of four topics-based sections which provide students with a wealth of diverse material allowing them to gain an in-depth knowledge of relevant topical subjects such as regional languages, sustainable development and fair trade, amongst others. Digestible grammar points are integrated throughout and a range of additional exercises are available on the Companion Website allowing students to perfect their language skills. Suitable for both self-study and class use Savoir Faire Plus is the ideal course for all advanced students of French, consolidating knowledge gained at A-Level while supporting the transition to undergraduate study. The Companion Website can be found at www.routledge.com/textbooks/9780415444750
Collective Mobilisation In Africa. Enough Is Enough! is a collection of empirical studies describing the range of protests modes in Africa. Mobilisations collectives en Afrique. Ça suffit! est un ouvrage qui s’appuie sur des études de cas empiriques pour décrire la pluralité des modes de contestation en Afrique.
Author: Michaël Leblond, Frederique Bertrand
Join our pyjama clad hero as he leaves his bedroom to see the sights of New York at night time. Dodge the traffic, be dazzled by the lights on Broadway and take in the dizzying heights of the Big Apple's skyline.
Author: Ellen C. Collier
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
The United States is in the process of developing a new foreign policy to meet the changing political, economic, and technological situations throughout the world. This book is a history of the making of a new foreign policy after World War II and analyzes how a bipartisan policy was achieved and lasted until the end of the Cold War in 1991. By reprinting her out-of-print book published by Westview Press in 1991, author Ellen Collier makes available a handbook on building a bipartisan foreign policy.
Author: World Tourism Organization
Publisher: World Tourism Organization Publications
There are 6 regional volumes that form part of the 'Tourism 2020 vision' programme of research and forecasting (vol. 1 Africa, ISBN 9284403928; vol. 2 Americas, ISBN 9284403936; vol. 3 East Asia and Pacific, ISBN 9284403871; vol. 4 Europe, ISBN 9284403804; vol. 5 Middle East, ISBN 9284403944; vol. 6 South Asia, ISBN 9284403952). Each report is in three sections. The first looks at the changes and trends in the first half of the 1990's; the second deals with the determinants governing the forecast for the period up to 2020 and the third part contains the forecasts themselves broken down by main generating and receiving countries.
Author: Roberto Finzi
Publisher: Interlink Books
Interlink's new illustrated history series seeks to explore the persistent themes of our recent past in order to prepare for the new century. Each volume offers a concise yet comprehensive analysis of a particular political, cultural or social phenomenon and is lavishly illustrated with color and b&w photographs and maps.