Police Innovation Contrasting Perspectives Cambridge Studies In Criminology Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free


Police Innovation

Police Innovation
Author: David Weisburd, Anthony A. Braga
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139454331
Pages:
Year: 2006-05-04
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Over the last three decades American policing has gone through a period of significant change and innovation. In what is a relatively short historical time frame the police began to reconsider their fundamental mission, the nature of the core strategies of policing, and the character of their relationships with the communities that they serve. This volume brings together leading police scholars to examine eight major innovations which emerged during this period: community policing, broken windows policing, problem oriented policing, pulling levers policing, third party policing, hot spots policing, Compstat and evidence-based policing. Including advocates and critics of each of the eight police innovations, this comprehensive book assesses the evidence on impacts of police innovation on crime and public safety, the extent of the implementation of these new approaches in police departments, and the dilemmas these approaches have created for police management. This book will appeal to students, scholars and researchers.

Policing Problem Places

Policing Problem Places
Author: Anthony Allan Braga, David Weisburd
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195341961
Pages: 299
Year: 2010
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In recent years, crime scholars and practitioners have pointed to the potential benefits of focusing crime prevention efforts on crime places. A number of studies suggest that crime is not spread evenly across city landscapes. Rather, there is significant clustering of crime in small places, or "hot spots," that generate a vastly disproportionate number of criminal events. Even within the most crime-ridden neighborhoods, crime clusters at a few discrete locations and other areas are relatively crime free. A number of researchers have argued that many crime problems can be addressed more efficiently if police officers focus their attention on these deviant places. The appeal of focusing limited resources on a small number of high-activity crime places is straightforward. If crime can be prevented at these problem places, then police will be well positioned to lower citywide crime rates. In Policing Problem Places, Anthony A. Braga and David L. Weisburd make the case that hotspots policing is an effective approach to crime prevention that should be engaged by police departments in the United States and other countries. There is a strong and growing body of rigorous scientific evidence that the police can control crime hot spots without simply displacing crime problems to other places. Indeed, putting police officers in high crime locations is an old and well-established idea. However, the age and popularity of this idea does not necessarily mean that it is being done properly. Police officers should strive to use problem-oriented policing and situational crime prevention techniques to address the place dynamics, situations, and characteristics that cause a "spot" to be "hot." Braga and Weisburd further suggest that the strategies used to police problem places can have more or less desirable effects on police-community relations. Particularly in minority neighborhoods where residents have long suffered from elevated crime problems and historically poorpolice service, police officers should make an effort to develop positive and collaborative relationships with residents and not engage strategies that will undermine the legitimacy of police agencies, such as indiscriminant enforcement tactics. This book argues that it is time for police departments to shift away from a focus on catching criminal offenders and move towards dealing with crime at problem places as a central crime prevention strategy.

Policing Space

Policing Space
Author:
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 1452901279
Pages:
Year:
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Beyond 911 [nine hundred and eleven]

Beyond 911 [nine hundred and eleven]
Author: Malcolm K. Sparrow
Publisher: Basic Books (AZ)
ISBN:
Pages: 269
Year: 1990
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Case studies highlight new approaches to urban police work that can offer hope for better crime control and an improved quality of life

Danger, Duty, and Disillusion

Danger, Duty, and Disillusion
Author: Joan C. Barker
Publisher: Waveland Press
ISBN: 1478607939
Pages: 228
Year: 1998-11-07
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An insider view of an urban subculture! While much of the literature on police analyzes critically what they do, few works address issues of how police officers feel about their chosen profession, their worldview, or their visions. This refreshingly original and unique ethnographic contribution by anthropologist Joan Barker exposes the human elementone rarely seen by non-policeof officers working for the often-controversial L.A.P.D. During her twenty years of fieldwork, Barker gathered valuable information through formal, in-depth interviews and firsthand experiences, distilling her findings into an illuminating, coherent account. She discovers that five phases of occupational socialization normatively mold officers experiences and perceptions. Fleshing out her discussion is the compelling narrative of Fred, a traditional officer whose authentic voice reveals feelings and attitudes that manifest the essence of the human who does the job of policing. An insider view of an urban subculture usually known only from its public presentation.

Plea Bargaining

Plea Bargaining
Author: Milton Heumann
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226331881
Pages: 228
Year: 1981-08-15
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"That relatively few criminal cases in this country are resolved by full Perry Mason-style strials is fairly common knowledge. Most cases are settled by a guilty plea after some form of negotiation over the charge or sentence. But why? The standard explanation is case pressure: the enormous volume of criminal cases, to be processed with limited staff, time and resources. . . . But a large body of new empirical research now demands that we re-examine plea negotiation. Milton Heumann's book, Plea Bargaining, strongly and explicitly attacks the case-pressure argument and suggests an alternative explanation for plea bargaining based on the adaptation of attorneys and judges to the local criminal court. The book is a significant and welcome addition to the literature. Heumann's investigation of case pressure and plea negotiation demonstrates solid research and careful analysis."—Michigan Law Review

Third Party Policing

Third Party Policing
Author: Lorraine Mazerolle, Janet Ransley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139447513
Pages:
Year: 2006-02-06
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Third party policing represents a major shift in contemporary crime control practices. As the lines blur between criminal and civil law, responsibility for crime control no longer rests with state agencies but is shared between a wide range of organisations, institutions or individuals. The first comprehensive book of its kind, Third Party Policing examines this growing phenomenon, arguing that it is the legal basis of third party policing that defines it as a unique strategy. Opening up the debate surrounding this controversial topic, the authors examine civil and regulatory controls necessary to this strategy and explore the historical, legal, political and organizational environment that shape its adoption. This innovative book combines original research with a theoretical framework that reaches far beyond criminology into politics and economics. It offers an important addition to the world-wide debate about the nature and future of policing and will prove invaluable to scholars and policy makers.

Handcuffed

Handcuffed
Author: Malcolm K. Sparrow
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 0815727828
Pages: 270
Year: 2016-04-26
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Whatever happened to community and problem-oriented policing? How the current crisis in policing can be traced to failures of reform. The police shooting of an unarmed young black man in the St. Louis suburb of Ferguson, Missouri, in August 2014 sparked riots and the beginning of a national conversation on race and policing. Much of the ensuing discussion has focused on the persistence of racial disparities and the extraordinarily high rate at which American police kill civilians (an average of roughly three per day). Malcolm Sparrow, who teaches at Harvard’s Kennedy School and is a former British police detective, argues that other factors in the development of police theory and practice over the last twenty-five years have also played a major role in contributing to these tragedies and to a great many other cases involving excessive police force and community alienation. Sparrow shows how the core ideas of community and problem-solving policing have failed to thrive. In many police departments these foundational ideas have been reduced to mere rhetoric. The result is heavy reliance on narrow quantitative metrics, where police define how well they are doing by tallying up traffic tickets issued (Ferguson), or arrests made for petty crimes (in New York). Sparrow’s analysis shows what it will take for police departments to escape their narrow focus and perverse metrics and turn back to making public safety and public cooperation their primary goals. Police, according to Sparrow, are in the risk-control business and need to grasp the fundamental nature of that challenge and develop a much more sophisticated understanding of its implications for mission, methods, measurement, partnerships, and analysis.

Problem-oriented Policing and Crime Prevention

Problem-oriented Policing and Crime Prevention
Author: Anthony Allan Braga
Publisher: Criminal Justice Press
ISBN: 188179878X
Pages: 242
Year: 2008-01-01
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According to Dr Braga's comprehensive overview of worldwide research, problem-oriented policing (POP) has been proven effective in a wide range of programs to prevent crime. The author also explains why POP programs have obtained such positive results.This is the only book recommended by the Center for Problem-Oriented Policing for all modules of its Model POP Curriculum, including courses for undergraduates and graduate students, and training programs for pre-service and in-service police personnel. The second edition has been greatly expanded to include many more analyses of key concepts, results from real-world applications, and recommendations for improved POP programming.

Shame Management Through Reintegration

Shame Management Through Reintegration
Author: Eliza Ahmed
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521003709
Pages: 375
Year: 2001-10-15
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This 2001 book follows on from John Braithwaite's influential and best-selling Crime, Shame and Reintegration.

Criminal Procedure

Criminal Procedure
Author: Joel Samaha
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1305969006
Pages: 704
Year: 2016-12-05
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This straightforward introduction to criminal procedure combines case excerpts with clear, detailed legal discussion and analysis to give students a solid understanding of the field. The book's longtime success can be attributed to the author's ability to help readers grasp the complexities of law by clearly presenting all sides of an issue. Professor Samaha wants students to go beyond simply memorizing procedures. While most criminal procedure texts focus on how to, Samaha combines how and why. The text addresses the entire criminal process -- from crime prevention and criminal investigation to post-conviction sentencing and review. CRIMINAL PROCEDURE, Tenth Edition highlights the enormous impact of the digital revolution throughout the criminal process, provides the latest appellate court cases and new U.S. Magistrate published decisions, and updates such key topics as the changing political nature of the Supreme Court, domestic terrorism, and immigration law. What’s more, the MindTap that accompanies this text helps students practice and master techniques and key concepts while engaging them with video cases, career-based decision-making scenarios, visual summaries, and more. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

White-Collar Crime and Criminal Careers

White-Collar Crime and Criminal Careers
Author: David Weisburd, Elin Waring
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521777631
Pages: 189
Year: 2001-02-12
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Weisburd and Waring offer here the first detailed examination of the white-collar criminal career.

Convicting the Innocent

Convicting the Innocent
Author: Brandon Garrett
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674060989
Pages: 376
Year: 2011-08-04
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DNA exonerations have shattered confidence in the criminal justice system by exposing how often we have convicted the innocent and let the guilty walk free. In this unsettling analysis, Garrett examines what went wrong in the cases of the first 250 people exonerated by DNA testing, and proposes systemic reforms.

Forensic Science

Forensic Science
Author: Stuart H. James, Jon J. Nordby, Ph.D.
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 143985386X
Pages: 614
Year: 2014-01-13
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Covering a range of fundamental topics essential to modern forensic investigation, the fourth edition of the landmark text Forensic Science: An Introduction to Scientific and Investigative Techniques presents contributions from experts in the field who discuss case studies from their own personal files. This edition has been thoroughly updated to reflect the cutting edge of forensic science across many different areas. Designed for a single-term course at the lower undergraduate level, the book begins by discussing the intersection of law and forensic science, how things become evidence, and how courts decide if an item or testimony should be admissible. It takes the evidence from crime scene investigation into laboratory analysis and even onto the autopsy table for the fullest breadth of subject matter of any forensic text available. Topics include Forensic anthropology and the role of entomology in a death investigation Death investigation, including identifying the cause, manner, mechanism, and time of death Bloodstain pattern analysis, the identification of blood and body fluids, the work of forensic toxicologists, and seized drug analysis The history and development of DNA typing and the many ways it can be used Fingerprint, firearm and ballistic, tool mark, tread impression, and trace evidence The forensic analysis of questioned documents and computers Arson, fire, explosives, and the work of forensic engineers in vehicular accidents and structural collapses Forensic psychology and psychiatry, including criminal profiling The future of forensic science Going beyond theory to application, this text incorporates the wisdom of forensic practitioners who discuss the real cases they have investigated. Color-coded sidebars in each chapter provide historical notes, case studies, and current events as well as advice for career advancement. Each section and each chapter begins with an overview and ends with a summary, and key terms, review questions, and up-to-date references are provided. Appropriate for any sensibility, more than 300 photos from real cases give students a true-to-life learning experience. *Access to identical eBook version included

Place Matters

Place Matters
Author: David Weisburd, Cody W. Telep, Breanne Cave, Kate Bowers, John E. Eck, Gerben Bruinsma, Charlotte Gill, Elizabeth Groff, Julie Hibdon, Joshua C. Hinkle, Shane D. Johnson, Brian Lawton, Cynthia Lum, Jerry Ratcliffe, George Rengert, Travis Taniguchi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110702952X
Pages: 200
Year: 2016-03-31
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The book summarizes what we know about crime and place, and provides an agenda for future research in this area.

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