Author: Donald J. Meyers
Publisher: Hillcrest Publishing Group
In December, 1941, Japanese naval bombers destroyed the United States Pacific battleship fleet at Pearl Harbor, unleashed a rampage of conquest in the Pacific Ocean and Rim, and invaded the Dutch East Indies and New Guinea. The battered United States Pacific Fleet was then confronted by the formidable Japanese naval superiority, in quality and quantity, of warships, planes, pilots and torpedoes, but staggered up from its flaming decks to first check, and then dominate a samurai-warrior obsessed foe which killled between 28-63 million Asians. Author Don Meyers analyzes the main causes of the remarkable comeback victory at the amazingly low cost of less than 0.2% of all military fatalities in WWII. Not least among them was the skill and courage of fewer than 100 pilots and sub-skippers who sank all 22 Japanese aircraft carriers and nearly 3 million tons of their Merchant Marine, leading to their unconditional surrender. There has never been a war like World War II in the Pacific.
Author: Bruce A. Elleman, Naval War College Press
Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub
The powerful underwater earthquake that occurred off the coast of Sumatra on 26 December 2004 generated the most destructive tsunami ever recorded, drowning more than 150,000 people without warning in exposed littoral areas from Indonesia to South Africa. The destruction was particularly severe in the Aceh Province of Indonesia, at the northwestern tip of the island of Sumatra. There entire villages were destroyed within minutes as waves of thirty feet or more advanced far inland, while destruction of the main coastal highway made the entire region virtually inaccessible to Indonesian authorities ashore. In these extraordinary circumstances of human suffering, the U.S. Navy was able to play a key role in organizing what was to become a massive, multinational humanitarian relief operation, one based and executed virtually entirely “from the sea.” Working closely with the Indonesian government and military, the Navy delivered, beginningwithin days of the disaster, vast quantities of emergency food and other supplies and provided on-the-spot emergency medical treatment to thousands of injured and displaced persons along the Aceh coast. Humanitarian relief has long been recognized as a mission of the American armed forces and of the U.S. Navy in particular. The scale and complexity of the tsunami's impact, however, posed particular and in some respects novel challenges to the Joint Task Force 536 (JTF 536) that was created to deal with the situation, not least of them the requirement imposed on it to operate exclusively from an improvised “sea base,” to use a term that has gained some currency in recent discussions of naval missions and capabilities. In Newport Paper 28,Waves of Hope: The U.S. Navy's Response to the Tsunami in Northern Indonesia, historian Bruce A. Elleman provides the first comprehensive history and analysis of what would become known as Operation UNIFIED ASSISTANCE. Elleman, a research professor in the Department of Maritime History at the Naval War College, has produced a valuable and indeed unique study, one that makes use of a variety of internal Navy documents, oral histories, and interviews with a number of senior naval officers, including the then Chief of Naval Operations, Admiral Vern Clark. It is to be hoped that it will prove of immediate benefit to planners in the naval and joint worlds of the U.S. military, as well as to those of other nations potentially interested in exploiting its lessons to improve their own capabilities in this frequently neglected yet vital—indeed, life-saving—military mission.
Author: Jerry Thompson
Publisher: Counterpoint Press
There is a crack in the earth’s crust that runs roughly 31 miles offshore, approximately 683 miles from Northern California up through Vancouver Island off the coast of British Columbia. The Cascadia Subduction Zone has generated massive earthquakes over and over again throughout geologic time—at least thirty-six major events in the last 10,000 years. This fault generates a monster earthquake about every 500 years. And the monster is due to return at any time. It could happen 200 years from now, or it could be tonight. The Cascadia Subduction Zone is virtually identical to the offshore fault that wrecked Sumatra in 2004. It will generate the same earthquake we saw in Sumatra, at magnitude nine or higher, sending crippling shockwaves across a far wider area than any California quake. Slamming into Sacramento, Portland, Seattle, Victoria, and Vancouver, it will send tidal waves to the shores of Australia, New Zealand, and Japan, damaging the economies of the Pacific Rim countries and their trading partners for years to come. In light of recent massive quakes in Haiti, Chile, and Mexico, Cascadia’s Fault not only tells the story of this potentially devastating earthquake and the tsunamis it will spawn, it also warns us about an impending crisis almost unprecedented in modern history.
Author: U.S. Government
Publisher: Books LLC
Original publisher: Newport, R.I.: Naval War College Press,  OCLC Number: (OCoLC)133466642 Subject: Indian Ocean Tsunami, 2004. Excerpt: ... Color profile: Generic CMYK printer profile Composite Default screen 4 T H E N E W P O R T P A P E R S Unlike many other large tsunamis throughout history, the Sumatran waves did not originate from a single point source but radiated outward along the entire 750-mile length of the fault. The rupture's size, in turn, greatly increased the geographical area over which the waves were observed. Tsunamis reached as far as South Africa to the west, Mexico and Chile to the east, and the Arctic Ocean to the north. Sensors recorded the tsunami all over the world, from the North Pacific to Antarctica, including most of the recording sites in the Kuriles, the Aleutians, Alaska, British Columbia, California, . 4 Mexico, Peru, and Chile The height of the individual tsunamis differed radically from area to area, depending on the direction the shoreline faced and the depths of the surrounding waters. For example, along Sumatra's northwestern coastline some waves were over thirty feet high, while in Sri Lanka and Thailand the average wave height reached twelve to fifteen feet. While most of the worst wave damage occurred in areas closest to the seismic ruptures, this was not always the case. Because of the east-west direction of the underwater movements, some waves that hit the Seychelle Islands and Somalia, on the far side of India, reached approximately sixteen feet in height. A full sixteen hours after the earthquake, a final five-foot wave crashed into Struisbaai, South Africa, over 5,300 miles away from the. 5 earthquake's epicenter Tsunamis throughout History Although tsunamis are perceived as being extremely rare, they actually appear regularly in all parts of the globe, including the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. During the past century alone, many large ocean tsunamis were triggered by earthquakes near Indonesia and...
Author: Jan Malan Jordaan, Alexander Bell
Publisher: EOLSS Publications
Hydraulic Structure, Equipment and Water Data Acquisition Systems is a component of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Hydraulic structures occupied a vital role in the development of civilization from the earliest recorded history up to the present, and undoubtedly will do so in the future. Humanity in ancient times settled mostly near perennial rivers, nomadic people frequented oases and springs, and to augment these natural ephemeral supplies, established societies built primitive dams and dug wells. This 4-volume set contains several chapters, each of size 5000-30000 words, with perspectives, applications and extensive illustrations. It carries state-of-the-art knowledge in the fields of Hydraulic Structure, Equipment and Water Data Acquisition Systems. In these volumes the historical origins, modern developments, and future perspectives in the field of water supply engineering are discussed. Various types of hydraulic structures, their associated equipment, and the various systems for collecting data are described. These four volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers, NGOs and GOs.
Author: Division on Earth and Life Studies, Ocean Studies Board, Committee on the Review of the Tsunami Warning and Forecast System and Overview of the Nation's Tsunami Preparedness, National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
Many coastal areas of the United States are at risk for tsunamis. After the catastrophic 2004 tsunami in the Indian Ocean, legislation was passed to expand U.S. tsunami warning capabilities. Since then, the nation has made progress in several related areas on both the federal and state levels. At the federal level, NOAA has improved the ability to detect and forecast tsunamis by expanding the sensor network. Other federal and state activities to increase tsunami safety include: improvements to tsunami hazard and evacuation maps for many coastal communities; vulnerability assessments of some coastal populations in several states; and new efforts to increase public awareness of the hazard and how to respond. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness explores the advances made in tsunami detection and preparedness, and identifies the challenges that still remain. The book describes areas of research and development that would improve tsunami education, preparation, and detection, especially with tsunamis that arrive less than an hour after the triggering event. It asserts that seamless coordination between the two Tsunami Warning Centers and clear communications to local officials and the public could create a timely and effective response to coastal communities facing a pending tsuanami. According to Tsunami Warning and Preparedness, minimizing future losses to the nation from tsunamis requires persistent progress across the broad spectrum of efforts including: risk assessment, public education, government coordination, detection and forecasting, and warning-center operations. The book also suggests designing effective interagency exercises, using professional emergency-management standards to prepare communities, and prioritizing funding based on tsunami risk.
Author: Ahmet C. Yalçiner, Efim N. Pelinovsky, Emile Okal, Costas E. Synolakis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Tsunamis are water waves triggered by impulsive geologic events such as sea floor deformation, landslides, slumps, subsidence, volcanic eruptions and bolide impacts. Tsunamis can inflict significant damage and casualties both nearfield and after evolving over long propagation distances and impacting distant coastlines. Tsunamis can also effect geomorphologic changes along the coast. Understanding tsunami generation and evolution is of paramount importance for protecting coastal population at risk, coastal structures and the natural environment. Accurately and reliably predicting the initial waveform and the associated coastal effects of tsunamis remains one of the most vexing problems in geophysics, and -with few exceptions- has resisted routine numerical computation or data collection solutions. While ten years ago, it was believed that the generation problem was adequately understood for useful predictions, it is now clear that it is not, especially nearfield. By contrast, the runup problem earlier believed intractable is now well understood for all but the most extreme breaking wave events.
Author: American Red Cross
Publisher: Amer Red Cross
This New American Red Cros CPR/AED for the Professional Rescuer Participant's Manual and course reflect changes based on the 2005 Consensus on Science for CPR and Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC) and the Guidelines 2005 for First Aid. Changes to this program and manual include simplifications to many of the CPR skill sequences, which helps improve retention. There have also been changes to help improve the quality of CPR. The integration of CPR skills into the operation of AEDs had changed to help improve survival from sudden cardiac arrest. Professional rescuers are now trained to use AEDs on adults and children. Information has been updated and added to this program to help professional rescuers administer epinephrine, aspirin and fixed-flow-rate oxygen. The skills learned in this course include adult, child and infant rescue breathing, conscious and unconscious choking, CPR, two-rescuer CPR and adult and child AED. Additional training can be added to this course including bloodborne pathogens training and emergency oxygen administration. While the skills and knowledge that professional rescuers use are increasing, this training will help you meet your most important responsibility as a professional rescuer- the responsibility to save lives.
Author: Richard Lloyd Parry
Named one of the best books of 2017 by The Guardian, NPR, GQ, The Economist, Bookforum, Amazon, and Lit Hub The definitive account of what happened, why, and above all how it felt, when catastrophe hit Japan—by the Japan correspondent of The Times (London) and author of People Who Eat Darkness On March 11, 2011, a powerful earthquake sent a 120-foot-high tsunami smashing into the coast of northeast Japan. By the time the sea retreated, more than eighteen thousand people had been crushed, burned to death, or drowned. It was Japan’s greatest single loss of life since the atomic bombing of Nagasaki. It set off a national crisis and the meltdown of a nuclear power plant. And even after the immediate emergency had abated, the trauma of the disaster continued to express itself in bizarre and mysterious ways. Richard Lloyd Parry, an award-winning foreign correspondent, lived through the earthquake in Tokyo and spent six years reporting from the disaster zone. There he encountered stories of ghosts and hauntings, and met a priest who exorcised the spirits of the dead. And he found himself drawn back again and again to a village that had suffered the greatest loss of all, a community tormented by unbearable mysteries of its own. What really happened to the local children as they waited in the schoolyard in the moments before the tsunami? Why did their teachers not evacuate them to safety? And why was the unbearable truth being so stubbornly covered up? Ghosts of the Tsunami is a soon-to-be classic intimate account of an epic tragedy, told through the accounts of those who lived through it. It tells the story of how a nation faced a catastrophe, and the struggle to find consolation in the ruins.
Author: Louise Spilsbury, Richard Spilsbury
Publisher: Capstone Classroom
This book teaches readers about tsunamis--the causes, after effects, and major storms in history.
Author: Barbara Muffler and the Pacific Tsunami Museum
Publisher: Arcadia Publishing
This book's stories and images invite readers to honor and learn from those lost in tragic tsunami events. Each person has a history, an account of things said and done, and preserving these stories helps people to understand the past and make thoughtful decisions for the future. Many people believe that there is good in everything that happens; even tragedies can have positive outcomes. This is certainly true for Hilo, which has been shaped physically, culturally, and economically by the tsunamis of 1946 and 1960. In the waves' wake, lives and livelihoods were lost. Hilo would reel from the catastrophes, but the spirit of resilience would shine through, and Hilo would emerge not unscathed, but not undone. Strength and compassion emerge from the stories of fate in how people responded to one another and how they rebuilt.
Author: Doug Dildy
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
In May 1943 a specially established RAF squadron made its permanent imprint on military aviation history by flying a high-risk, low level, nighttime attack against German hydro-electric dams vital to the Nazi armaments industry in the Ruhr Valley. A comparatively tiny part of Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Harris' four-month-long "Battle of the Ruhr†? this one raid had an impact totally out of proportion to the small number of aircraft involved. It highlights the synergy of science and technology, weapons development and production, mission planning and practice, and the unflinching courage in the execution of a highly dangerous bombing raid. Furthermore, it established a legend that still resonates today.
Author: John B. Nelson
"Photographs of tsunami waves and resulting damage are a unique form of data that record a natural phenomenon extremely difficult to reduce to a written report. The photographs listed in this catalog are all tsunami related and form a subset of the National geophysical and Solar-Terrestrial Data Center's (NGSCD) larger set of earthquake related photographs"--Introduction
Author: James Whitlow Delano
BLACK TSUNAMI provides a haunting portrait of the devastation left by the great tsunami that engulfed northeastern Japan on March 11, 2011. Images of farms and villages in the exclusion zone show an uninhabited landscape where ancestral graves, decaying buildings and neglected animals share the abandoned space. Black Tsunami includes: - 80 Black and white photographs - an Afterword by Bill Emmott former editor of the Economist. - A video interview with James Whitlow Delano. - A video clip of the arrival of the black tsunami in Miyako harbor.